Dusky Sound was named by Captain James Cook on his first voyage to New Zealand in 1770. He did not enter the sound because it was getting dark and named it Dusky Bay. The Ma¯ori name for the sound is Tamatea after the legendary explorer who travelled the full length of the North and South Islands in his waka/canoe, the Takitimu. On Cook’s second voyage in 1773, when he spent several weeks exploring the fiord, he met several Ma¯ori family groups. They were Nga¯ti Mamoe iwi who lived in Dusky Sound and other remote fiords as fugitives of northern tribal battles and formed the basis for romantic and exaggerated legends of a “lost tribe».