Tôlanaro or Tolagnaro is a city (commune urbaine) on the southeast coast of Madagascar. It is the capital of the Anosy Region and of the Tôlanaro District. It has been a port of local importance since the early 1500s, and a new port, the Port d'Ehola, has been built by QMM and the World Bank. Formerly Fort Dauphin, it was the first French settlement in Madagascar.
Tolanaro was initially situated on a short, narrow peninsula on the extreme southeastern coast of Madagascar. It has since grown to cover a much greater area along the ocean, almost to the Bezavona mountain. (Additional information on the region can be found at Anosy.)