Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve — a World Heritage Site in the United States — is a 3.3 million acre treasure of natural wonders and wildlife near Juneau, Alaska. Magnificent glaciers...towering snow-capped mountains...abundant birds and wildlife... and mile after mile of pristine coastline. Whether you are here for a day or a week, you'll find endless opportunities for discovery and adventure here. Glacier Bay Lodge, nestled under the spruce trees that line Bartlett Cove, offers the only hotel accommodations within the park.
During your scenic cruise, friendly Park Rangers will join the ship to share their knowledge of this amazing place and host a fun Junior Ranger program for kids. They may even be able to help you identify Glacier Bay's abundant wildlife, including humpback whales, sea otters, porpoises, harbor seals, black bears, mountain goats, bald eagles and large colonies of seabirds.
Take in the awe-inspiring scenery as you enjoy an unforgettable day of sailing through this dazzling park, where you'll glide along emerald waters and past calving icebergs, and can breathe in the crisp, fresh air to your heart's content.
THINGS TO DO AND SEE
The marine wilderness of Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve is like no place else on earth. It includes tidewater glaciers, snow-capped mountain ranges, ocean coastlines, deep fjords, and freshwater rivers and lakes. This astoundingly diverse landscape and seascape host a mosaic of plant communities and a variety of marine and terrestrial wildlife that combine to create a destination like no other.
The marine wilderness of Glacier Bay offers rare opportunities to study the ebb and flow of glaciers. The last of Glacier Bay National Park's four glacial periods, the Little Ice Age, began about 4,000 years ago, and the glaciers that exist in the park today are remnants of this period.
There are several tidewater glaciers and even more alpine glaciers in Glacier Bay. The tallest of these ranges, the Fairweather Range, features mountains that stretch as high as 15,320 feet – taller than Mt. Rainier and Mt. Shasta! In fact, Mt. Fairweather is taller than any of the mountains in the other 49 states. Advancing glaciers flow forward about three to six feet each day. Depending on the length of the glacier and the steepness of the valley it flows through, the ice at the front of the glacier is anywhere between 75 and 200 years old. Snow that fell in the high mountains 200 years ago when the U.S. Declaration of Independence was signed, breaks off as ice today.
Temperate rainforest dominates the southern part of Glacier Bay National Park. Many plants are able to live in this coastal area is due to the mild, moist climate that's developed in the region over the past 200-300 years. As the forest ages, trees grow taller and their branches form a canopy that shades the ground beneath them. The soil becomes more acidic and swampy, promoting the growth of western hemlock. Spruce does almost as well in these unique conditions.
Over time, the forest canopy becomes more open as trees of different ages and sizes thrive letting more light reach the ground, which allows herbs and shrubs to grow. Rotting tree trunks become “nurse logs» to the young vegetation, providing them with support and nutrients. Old-growth conditions can go on for centuries.