Nassau is the capital, largest city, and commercial centre of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. The city has a population of 248,948 (2010 census), 70 percent of the entire population of the Bahamas (353,658). Lynden Pindling International Airport, the major airport for the Bahamas, is located about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) west of Nassau city centre, and has daily flights to major cities in the United States, the Caribbean, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The city is located on the island of New Providence, which functions much like a business district. Nassau is the site of the House of Assembly and various judicial departments and was considered historically to be a stronghold of pirates. The city is ultimately named for the German town Nassau.
Nassau's modern growth began in the late eighteenth century, with the influx of thousands of American Loyalists and their slaves to the Bahamas following the American Revolutionary War. Many of them settled in Nassau (then and still the commerce capital of the Bahamas) and eventually came to outnumber the original inhabitants.
As the population of Nassau grew, so did its populated areas. Today the city dominates the entire island and its satellite, Paradise Island. However, until the post-Second World War era, the outer suburbs scarcely existed. Most of New Providence was uncultivated bush until Loyalists were resettled there following the American Revolutionary War; they established several plantations, such as Clifton and Tusculum. Slaves were imported as labour.
After the British abolished the international slave trade in 1807, they resettled thousands of Africans liberated from slave ships by the Royal Navy on New Providence (at Adelaide Village and Gambier Village), along with other islands such as Grand Bahama, Exuma, Abaco and Inagua. In addition, slaves freed from American ships, such as the Creole case in 1841, were allowed to settle here. The largest concentration of Africans historically lived in the «Over-the-Hill» suburbs of Grants Town and Bain Town to the south of the city of Nassau, while most of the inhabitants of European descent lived on the island's northern coastal ridges.
WHAT TO DO
With our stretches of powder-white sands on Nassau Paradise Island—and an average water temperature of 80 degrees—you’ll enjoy a fantastic new beach adventure everyday.
Explore coral reefs on a diving or snorkeling expedition, swim with dolphins, take a sunset cruise, or experience one of the largest water-themed attractions in the world.
With our array of luxury boutiques, local shops and world-famous Straw Market—not to mention duty-free prices—The Bahamas is retail therapy at its finest.
Whether you’re enjoying the fresh catch of the day at one of our resorts or a Kalik beer and cracked conch at a poolside bar & grill, island getaways never tasted so delicious.
From outdoor adventures and culinary escapes to romantic getaways and spa and beach retreats, The Bahamas offers everything you could imagine…and so much more.
With a myriad of bars and lounges—plus the Caribbean’s largest casino—there’s always somewhere to dance, enjoy a glass of wine or share an intimate nightcap.