Even at the turn of the century, Oak Bluffs was the summer destination place for thousands of vacationers. Originally known as Cottage City, this charming Victorian seaside community bustled with activity then, as it does now. The expanding number of permanent residents, including a significant immigrant population of Portuguese, continued a substantial fishing industry, built cottages, and serviced summer visitors in the thriving tourist business. During the 19th century, Oak Bluffs saw the side-by-side development of a secular seaside resort featuring a trotting track, roller rink and dance hall, and the continuation of a religious summer revival. Today, an active downtown is complete with exciting restaurants, charming shops and galleries, a variety of specialty food shops, two movie theatres, places to enjoy live entertainment and dancing, along with the oldest working carousel in America, «The Flying Horses».