Russell is a small historic village in the Bay of Islands, Northland, New Zealand. Its romantic and charming atmosphere makes it one of New Zealand's top tourist destinations. Russell's seaside setting and 'old world' charm has made it a popular destination for visitors to the Bay of Islands. Quaint colonial buildings line the beachfront and pohutukawa trees provide welcome shade during summer. Several beautiful beaches are within walking distance; and there are plenty of shops, cafés and restaurants to enjoy. With its wide choice of accommodation options, from campgrounds through to luxury lodges, Russell is a perfect place to visit, whether it is for a day, a weekend break or longer holiday. Originally named Kororareka, Russell is one of New Zealand's earliest European settlements and has a colourful and turbulent history. Today, the quiet town is home to a number of significant heritage buildings. These include Christ Church, New Zealand's oldest surviving church, still studded with bullet holes in its neat white weatherboards as a result of Hone Heke's siege of the town in 1845; Pompallier, New Zealand's first industrial building housing the Catholic mission print shop; the Duke of Marlborough hotel on the waterfront that held New Zealand's first liquor licence and the country's first Customs House, now home to the town's policeman.