Makassar – sometimes spelled Macassar, Mangkasara' – is the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is the largest city on Sulawesi Island in terms of population number and the fifth largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, and Medan. From 1971 to 1999, the city was named Ujung Pandang, after a precolonial fort in the city, and the two names are often used interchangeably. The port city is located on the southwest coast of the island of Sulawesi, facing the Makassar Strait.
The city's area is 175.77 square kilometres (67.87 sq mi) and it had a population of around 1.334 million as of the 2010 Census. Its official metropolitan area, known as Mamminasata, covers an area of 2,473 square kilometres (955 sq mi) and had a population of 1,334,090 at the 2010 Census.